ABOUT SOMALIA

Somalia is a country located in eastern Africa, and forms the cap of the Horn of Africa, bordered by Djibouti to the northwest, Ethiopia to the west Kenya to the south, the Gulf of Aden to the north and the Indian  Ocean to the east. Somalia has the longest coastline in African, connecting to both the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean with a length of 3330 KM, which has been vital to its trade with the Middle East and the rest of East Africa.

POPULATION

Somalia has a population of around 13 million. Around 85% of its residents are ethnic Somalis, who have historically inhabited the northern part of the country.

CULTURE

The culture of Somalia is an amalgamation of traditions in that were developed independently since the proto-Somali era through interaction with neighboring and far away civilizations, including other parts of Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, and Indian subcontinent.

ECONOMIC

About three-fifths of Somalia’s economy is based on agriculture; however, the main economic activity is not crop farming but livestock raising.

EDUCATION

Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits. Educational methods include storytelling, discussion, teaching, training, and directed research.

SOMALIAN TRANSPORTATION

Inadequate transport facilities are a considerable impediment to Somalia’s economic development. There are no railways. Only about 1,800 miles (2,900 km) of paved roads are passable year-round, and in the rainy seasons most rural settlements are not accessible by motor vehicle. Buses, trucks, and minibuses are the main means of transport for the population. In rural areas camels, cattle, and donkeys are still used for personal transportation and as pack animals.